The project is located in Liquan County, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province, a part of the Fen-Wei Plains, which is a key area for air pollution prevention and control. Specifically, scatter coal control represents an important task and challenge in addressing air pollution and improving public health and well-being. Some local authorities have failed to pay due attention to scatter coal control, nor have they carried out relevant work. Other regions have put forward objectives, but they have yet to achieve ideal progress, with quite a low proportion of scatter coal substitution among villagers.
This can be attributed to many factors. First, villagers lack access to corresponding technology and resources. Scatter coal substitution involves technical solutions and supporting infrastructure, and villagers need access to professional help in terms of best alternative solutions, technology and equipment selection. Yet coordination resources and capabilities are absent in addressing the mismatching infrastructure, such as capacitance expansion and access to natural gas pipeline.
Second, no effective policy or knowledge publicity is in place. Government publicity is limited and, simple in terms of both content and format, as a result of which most local residents and even basic-level officials of villages and towns are struggling to understand the health hazards of scatter coal, alternative policy and the meaning of substitution, as well as scatter coal substitution plan and technical knowledge. This has significantly discouraged villagers from implementing scatter coal substitution, and has also dented the confidence of local officials in scatter coal control.
Third, a lack of a two-way communication and feedback mechanism between governments and villagers has to some extent increased resistance among villagers. Scatter coal substitution means a lot to the daily life of villagers, whose real challenges and appeals should be valued and properly tackled. The unilateral and forcible government practices will only serve to disgust villagers with scatter coal substitution.